Today’s donkey, Equus Africanus Asinus, is the wild donkey of Africa, which has three known subspecies: The Atlantic, the Nubian, and the Somali. The domestication took place about 4-6 thousand years ago. During the domestication period, the donkey did not play a significant role in history, as did other species of large domestic animals, such as the horse.
Its existence was decisive in the development of human civilization, even though the donkey had neither the speed nor the power to help it compete with the majestic stud. Therefore, the donkey was very common in the less developed, poorer areas and major trade routes, being of great help when carrying luggage.
The purpose of their growth would be to form a herd with a well-proportioned stature, a confident, gentle appearance, good behavior, and prone to work. It will have to bear the optimal characteristics of the species such as resistance to environmental factors (weather, nutrition, diseases), be unpretentious, have power and high working capacity compared to stature, but also have a long active period in the field of work, 20-25 years.
It is a mammal, related to the horse and zebra. Its legs end with hooves. You can recognize it by its long ears, which help it maintain its body temperature, and its short, wrinkled mane. Its tail ends with a tuft of hair and looks like a cow’s tail. The donkey has dark brown, black, or even light gray hair. Its coat is not waterproof, so it doesn’t like to be in the rain.
A donkey has a weight that varies between 50 and 100 kg. It can also reach the age of 40.
It is an herbivorous mammal, not so pretentious, who likes to eat. It likes to graze fresh grass, and eat hay and alfalfa. Corn, oats, and carrots are a delicacy for it. Donkeys like fresh and clean water, and if it’s dirty they won’t drink it.
Before it was domesticated by the Egyptians, you could find it in Africa or Asia, but now it lives all over the world.
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The gestation period lasts 12 months and in April-June it gives birth to a colt, twins being very rare. The donkey is very lively and immediately rises to its feet. The next day it should already be running. When the donkey is born, it has all the molars.
Donkeys are very intelligent and have a developed sense of self-preservation, which has earned them the reputation of being “stubborn”. The donkey is careful and analyzes the various situations very well, and if it thinks something is dangerous you can’t change its mind. It is curious, playful, affectionate, and needs company to be happy.